A minimally invasive image guided procedure to help improve blood flow in arteries throughout the body.
Angioplasty and vascular stenting are often used to help treat conditions in which the arteries of the body are blocked or narrowed. The blockage is often caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis occurs when plaque narrows the artery. If the narrowing is severe, symptoms such as cramping in the legs can occur. The plaque can continue to build leading to a narrowed or even blocked artery. Angioplasty and vascular stenting are common in the treatment of peripheral vascular disease (PVD), stroke and carotid artery disease.
Patients are given mild sedation through an IV inserted in the arm during the procedure. An interventional radiologist inserts a small, thin balloon tipped catheter into an artery and places it at the blocked vessel. The balloon is inflated under x-ray guidance to open the artery and improve blood flow. The balloon is then deflated. Vascular stenting occurs when balloon angioplasty is ineffective. After the artery is opened by the balloon, a small wire tube is inserted to maintain the opening. Once the angioplasty and or stent placement is complete, the catheter is removed. Patients are taken to a recovery area and may stay overnight in the hospital. Patients typically are able to walk within 2-6 hours after the procedure and resume normal activity within one week. Often, patients will have follow up imaging of the artery which may include an ultrasound, CT (computed tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) exam.
To schedule a consultation with an interventional radiologist please call 704.358.IRMD (4763).