Peripheral Artery Disease
Peripheral Artery Disease, or PAD, is a condition in which the arteries that carry blood to the legs become narrowed or clogged due to accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque. The disease limits blood flow to the tissues of the legs, which can cause pain with exertion. Also referred to as Peripheral Vascular Disease, PAD can occur in anyone; however, it is more common in men and women over the age of 50. Risk factors include smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure or high cholesterol. Most patients with PAD can be treated through minimally invasive endovascular methods.
Balloon Angioplasty – used to treat vascular blockage(s) to improve blood flow. Under X-ray guidance, an interventional radiologist will inflate and deflate a small balloon across the blocked artery to stretch or mold the artery open.
Atherectomy – a minimally invasive device that uses a small blade to remove plaque in the arteries.
Stent Placement – a stent (metal device) may be placed the keep the artery open